Circle Intersection

Full example source code


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>

<script type="text/javascript">
var ctx = null, game = null;
var mouseX = -1, mouseY = -1;
var isOver = false;
var circle1 = { x:250, y:150, r:70 };
var circle2 = { x:150, y:250, r:40 };

window.onload = function() {
	game = document.getElementById('game');
	ctx = game.getContext('2d');

	window.addEventListener('keypress', function(e) {

		// Move second circle left, right, up, or down (respectively), depending on
		// arrow key pressed, providing rectangle will not move outside of Canvas bounds
		if(e.keyCode==37 && circle2.x>circle2.r) { circle2.x-= 5; }
		else if(e.keyCode==39 && (circle2.x+circle2.r)<595) { circle2.x+= 5; }
		if(e.keyCode==38 && circle2.y>circle2.r) { circle2.y-= 5; }
		else if(e.keyCode==40 && (circle2.y+circle2.r)<395) { circle2.y+= 5; }

		// Test if circles intersect (overlap)
		isOver = circlesIntersect(circle1, circle2);
	});

	requestAnimationFrame(drawGame);
};

function circlesIntersect(c1, c2)
{
	return (c1.r + c2.r) >= (Math.abs(Math.sqrt(
		((c1.x-c2.x) * (c1.x-c2.x)) +
		((c1.y-c2.y) * (c1.y-c2.y)))));
}

function drawGame()
{
	if(ctx==null) { return; }

	// Clear Canvas
	ctx.fillStyle = "#ffffff";
	ctx.fillRect(0, 0, 600, 400);

	// Set fill and stroke colours depending on whether or not rectangle intersect
	if(isOver)
	{
		ctx.fillStyle = "#ff9999";
		ctx.strokeStyle = "#ff3333";
	}
	else
	{
		ctx.fillStyle = "#aaaacc";
		ctx.strokeStyle = "#7777aa";
	}

	// Draw first (stationary) circle
	ctx.beginPath();
	ctx.arc(circle1.x, circle1.y, circle1.r, 0, 2*Math.PI);
	ctx.closePath();
	ctx.fill();
	ctx.stroke();

	// Draw second (user controlled) circle
	ctx.beginPath();
	ctx.arc(circle2.x, circle2.y, circle2.r, 0, 2*Math.PI);
	ctx.closePath();
	ctx.fill();
	ctx.stroke();

	// Ask browser for next frame...
	requestAnimationFrame(drawGame);
}
</script>
</head>
<body>

<p>Move the smaller circle with the arrow keys.  The colour of both circles will change when they intersect.</p>
<p>If you do not see any circles, check your browser supports Canvas elements, and has Javascript enabled.</p>

<canvas id="game" width="600" height="400"></canvas>

</body>
</html>

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